Ancient Greek Clothing
Posted on 25th December 2020
Clothing in Ancient Greece was very simply made from wool and linen with little or no sewing involved. As buying linen and wool was expensive most clothing was homemade.
As buying linen and wool was expensive most clothing was homemade. The wealthy were able to afford to dye their clothes in bright colours but some colours were more expensive than others, so depending on the dye used this could show the wealth of the person wearing it. Occasionally wealthy Greeks made clothing in cotton or silk.
The general design of clothing was the same for both men and women. It was mainly draped around the body and fastened with clasps, pins or buttons.
Chiton (Men and Women) – A tunic made of light linen. A large, wide rectangular piece of material draped around the body and secured at either one or both shoulders by metal clasps or pins and often belted at the waist.
Women always wore this as a full ankle length garment and the size of the material allowed for material to be draped on the upper arms, appearing like sleeves which were also fastened at the shoulders.
Men often wore the Chiton as a knee length or shorter garment. The shorter garment was particularly suitable for soldiers, athletes and slaves.
Peplos (Women) – As ankle length tunic made of wool. A large rectangular piece of material, folded, secured and draped from the shoulder in the folds, left open at the sides. Sometimes belted loosely around or below the waist. This could be worn instead of a Chiton or over a Chiton.
Epiblema (Men and Women) – A long garment or shawl worn over the Chiton or Peplos. Usually worn by women but occasionally worn by high-ranking officials and senators.
Himation (Men and Women) – An outer garment or cloak made of heavy linen or wool. This was normally worn over the Chiton and was a very large rectangular piece of material that could be wrapped around the body and sometimes over the head to also create a hood. It would be secured at the right shoulder and passed under the left shoulder. It was used in cold weather and would often be wrapped around the body more than once.
Chalmys (Men) - A short woollen cloak worn while out riding, hunting or on military duty. Fastened at the right shoulder by a brooch or button.
Strophion (Women) - A band of wool or linen wrapped across the breast and worn as a type of bra.
Perizoma (Men and Women) - A triangular loincloth sometimes worn as underwear.
Footwear (Men and Women) - Leather shoes and boots were worn outside the home. Greeks mainly went barefoot while in the home.
Tagged as: Junior Ancient Greece
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