Posted on 23rd December 2020
Hatshepsut was the daughter of Thutmose I, The chief wife of Thutmose II and the step-mother of Thutmose III.
Thutmose III came to the throne as a child, so Hatshepsut ruled alongside him and came to the throne in 1478BC.
Initially she ruled as co-regent, befitting her place, but this changed and she assumed the position of Pharaoh for approximately twenty-one years, becoming one of the most successful Pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman.
During her reign, she undertook hundreds of grand building projects across both Upper and Lower Egypt. One of these, the Temple of Deir-el-Bahri, located in Thebes, was to become her burial place.
One of Hatshepsut’s greatest accomplishments was the establishment of trade networks that had been previously disrupted. She sent five ships and two hundred and ten men on a mission to the Land of Punt; many goods were bought to Egypt from this mission including Frankincense and live Myrrh trees; the trees had their roots planted in baskets for the duration of the voyage.
Hatshepsut often portrayed herself as a man during her reign, although it is unclear why. She claimed her father Thutmose I had named her his heir, but maybe it was to legitimise her status from Thutmose III.
She is believed to have died in 1458BC, being buried in the Valley of the Kings alongside her father.
Death monuments of her were smashed and defaced, many depictions of her scratched off tombs and temples. This was possibly ordered by Thutmose III and undertaken by his son Amenhotep II. Following her death Thutmose III continued to rule in his own right..
Tagged as: Junior Ancient Egypt
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