Posted on 23rd December 2020
Nefertiti is best known as the wife of pharaoh Amenhotep IV and for being involved with her husband in the establishment of the Aten cult.
Amenhotep IV believed that there was only one god worthy of worship – the sun god Aten and therefore he and Nefertiti created a whole new religion and Egyptians were only to worship this god.
Amenhotep IV moved the Egyptian capital to a city he named Akhenaten (modern day Archaeological site Amarna) and changed his name to Akhenaten; Nefertiti changed her name to Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti.
Nefertiti is believed to have been one of the most beautiful women ever to rule and her husband always displayed her as his equal. Many sculptures and busts have been found of her, some in the tomb of Tutankhamun (her half-brother). The exact date of Nefertiti’s marriage is unknown, but during her marriage she had six children.
Much is known of Nefertiti from carvings and paintings on noble tombs and scenes at palaces in Akhenaten. She is depicted alongside her husband in positions of power and authority that are normally only for the king. She has been shown riding a chariot, smiting the enemy and leading worship of Aten.
During the early years of Amenhotep IV’s reign, before the change of his name, he had a temple erected and dedicated to Nefertiti, The Mansion of the Benben. In paintings on the wall, she is depicted with her daughter Meritaten and Princess Meketaten, her throne decorated with pictures of captive enemies.
On the tomb of her steward Meryre II, she is seen seated in a kiosk with her husband and six daughters.
Around the twelfth year of Akhenaten’s rule, Nefertiti disappears from historical record and it is not known for certain what happened to her. She may have died at this time, but she may also have ruled as co-regent under the name Neferneferuaten.
Nefertiti’s daughter Ankhesenpaaten became the wife of Tutankhamen, the future Pharaoh and Nefertiti’s half-brother..
Tagged as: Junior Ancient Egypt
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